Paper Conference

Proceedings of ASim Conference 2016: 3rd Asia conference of IBPSA-China, Japan, Korea


Subtropical Coastal Development and Its Effects on Sea Turtle Nest Temperature

M. Thitisawat, H. Akers

Abstract: Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA is a coastal city on the Atlantic Ocean. Its beach stretches north-south and is a major tourist attraction generating revenue for the City especially in winter. From March to October, the beach becomes a place to visit to sea turtles for a different reason. 90% of these ancient mariners in the U.S. flock to Florida to lay eggs during the period of nesting season. Sea turtle incubation success such as gender balance, morphology and locomotion depends on the temperature of the nest. Beach areas of the North Beach Village in Fort Lauderdale is the main focus. Through a shadow study, the coastal stretch is divided into 3 distinct areas with different building densities or heights. This study investigates effects of the existing coastal development on nest thermal conditions, and compares nest temperature profiles of nests on beach areas with and without hi-rise buildings. It employs lumped parameter heat balance equation to simulate the nest temperature. In addition, it considers coastal development, sea temperature and metabolic heat production of embryos.
Keywords: Thermal simulation, conservation, turtle nest management, coastal development