Paper Conference

Proceedings of BauSim Conference 2014: 5th Conference of IBPSA-Germany and Austria


Thermo physiological models: a first comparison

K. Katic, W. Zeiler, G. Boxem

Abstract: Modeling the thermal response of the human body under various personal and environmental conditions is needed for designing HVAC systems and their control systems for buildings. Many human thermal response models have been developed based on the energy balance equations for the human body since 1970. Fanger’s steady-state model and Gagge’s two-node transient model were used to evaluate thermal sensation. The first multi-segmented model was developed by Stolwijk and it became one of the most influential multi-node models. In recent years, various thermophysiological models were developed. Several improved multi-segment models have been developed including the models discussed by Tanabe, Fiala, Yi and Fengzhi, the Berkeley Comfort Model and ThermoSEM. There are many thermal physiological models to predict the mean skin temperatures of each body segment. In the paper the most commonly used and recent developed thermophysiological models are briefly explained and evaluated. The modified Kesselring method was used to evaluate the models.
Pages: 595 - 602