Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2009: 11th Conference of IBPSA

     

A SIMPLE MODEL OF DOMESTIC PV SYSTEMS AND THEIR INTEGRATION WITH BUILDING LOADS

Steven K. Firth, Richard A. Buswell, Kevin J. Lomas

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26868/25222708.2009.0789-796
Abstract: Photovoltaic systems can reduce the CO₂ emissions associated with the consumption of electricity in dwellings. One key issue that affects both the economic case for home installation and the integration with the mains electricity grid is the match between the instantaneous production and demand for power. This initial study considers a sample of 10 dwellings which were monitored under the UK Government’s Photovoltaic Domestic Field Trial. A simple PV system model is introduced and used to examine the variations in the balance between the imported and exported electricity of the to import energy from the mains electricity grid and therefore reduces the electricity bill of the building owner. Exported PV electricity does not reduce the electricity bills but can be sold to the mains grid operator for an agreed price. Domestic PV systems therefore offer two different financial incentives; offsetting electricity bills and sale of exported electricity. It is essential to be able to estimate the expected proportions of these two incentives when studying the economics of proposed PV system installations. Direct monitored households. There are cases where a large proportion of the electricity generated by a PV system is be used directly by the household and instead is exported to the mains electricity grid. The possibility of using the model explore the effects of PV system size on the import and export balance, and the benefits of sharing production and consumption between nearby dwellings, is discussed. Building loads Import use PV output Export
Pages: 789 - 796
Paper:
bs2009_0789_796