Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2011: 12th Conference of IBPSA


Benchmarking Plug-load Densities for K-12 Schools

Ravi S. Srinivasan, Jaya Lakshmanan, Deepak Srivastav

Abstract: Eighteen K-12 schools including 9 elementary, 2 middle, and 7 high schools are assessed for actual plug-load densities. Using case study buildings, benchmark plug-load densities for K-12 schools under two new categories - classrooms with and without computers were established. For the same case study buildings, four existing approaches NREL, COMNET, ASHRAE 90.1-1989, and California Title-24 are evaluated for plug-load densities. Results show under- and over-estimation of plug-load densities over actual densities. The development of benchmark for K-12 schools – classrooms with and without computers - will pave way for instituting targets for trimming plug-load densities in new and retrofit building projects.
Pages: 2746 - 2752