Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2017: 15th Conference of IBPSA


Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Thermal Inertia from the Furniture / Indoor Content and Phase Change Materials on the Building Energy Flexibility

Hicham Johra1, Per Kvols Heiselberg1, Jérôme Le Dréau2
1Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
2 LaSIE UMR CNRS 7356, La Rochelle University, La Rochelle, France

Abstract: Many numerical models for building energy simulation assume empty rooms and do not account for the indoor content of occupied buildings. Furnishing elements and indoor items have complicated shapes and are made of various materials. Therefore, most of the people prefer to ignore them. However, this simplification can be problematic for accurate calculation of the transient indoor temperature. This article firstly reviews different solutions to include the indoor content in building models and suggests typical values for its characteristics. Secondly, the paper presents the results of a numerical study investigating the influence of the different types of thermal inertia on buildings energy flexibility. Although the insulation level and thermal mass of a building envelope are the dominant parameters, it appears that indoor content cannot be neglected for lightweight structure building simulations. Finally, it is shown that the integration of phase change materials in wallboards or furniture elements can appreciably improve the energy flexibility of buildings.
Pages: 35 - 42