Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2017: 15th Conference of IBPSA


An Agent-Based Model Approach for Simulating Interactions between Occupants and Building Systems

Mengda Jia1, Ravi Srinivasan1, Robert Ries1, Gnana Bharathy2, Barry Silverman2, Nathan Weyer2
1M. E. Rinker, Sr. School of Construction Management University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
2University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA

Abstract: Building occupants are one of the most dominant variable factors in building energy consumption. However, current building performance simulation engines incorporate occupant information as simple, static profiles, which lead to discrepancy in actual energy use as occupants interact with building systems in an active manner, i.e., occupant behavior over time is not captured by simulation algorithms. The need for modeling energy-related occupant behavior dynamically in energy simulation tools to increase prediction capability cannot be understated. This paper proposes a possible solution by discussing the use of a Performance Moderator Functions testbed (PMFserv) - a well-tested Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) tool, for occupant behavior modeling and its potential integration with energy simulation engine, EnergyPlus™. In order to extend PMFserv to buildings for improving energy estimation, a thermal zone in an educational building is tested and observed using sensing technologies. The study explores the interactions between occupants and building using cognitively detailed ABM, as well as the impact of occupant behavior on building energy use.
Pages: 2407 - 2413