Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2019: 16th Conference of IBPSA


A Simplified Method For Estimating Cooling Energy Savings Due To Passive Strategies For Indian Cities

Arjun Desai, Prasad Vaidya, Sanchi Pathela, Maaz Barin Dixit
CEPT University, India

Abstract: Different methods are used for calculating the energy consumption of buildings. While the heat balance method, weighing factor method and thermal network methods are complex and require intense computing power, the degree-day and the BIN methods are relatively simple. In this study, we have used the degree-day approach published in CIBSE TM-41 to develop a Python tool to calculate the energy consumption of energy buildings on an hourly basis. The tool calculates the building energy for 59 Indian cities for five different cases: 1) fully airconditioned, 2) with evaporative pre cooling, 3) evaporative cooling, 4) with comfort cooling and 5) with night ventilation with five different thermal comfort models. These cases are run for two building versions: 1) Business as Usual and 2) Energy Conservation Building Code compliant , and the study resulted in two realistic versions of Balance Point Temperatures for these cases. In total these add up to 2900 simulation which the Python tool completes within 1 hour. The results are shown in an excel dashboard. The results indicate the cooling energy reduction possible due to the three passive design strategies. The CDD-based results are compared with EnergyPlus results. The Normalised Mean Biased Error is 4.6% while the Root Mean Squared Error value is 15%.
Keywords: Cooling Degree Days, Residual Cooling Degree Days, Passive strategies, Cooling energy, Balance Point Temperature
Pages: 2714 - 2720