Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2021: 17th Conference of IBPSA


Multi-Agent based simulation of human activity for building and urban scale assessment of residential load curves and energy use

Mathieu Schumann 1,5, Quentin Reynaud 2, Nicolas Sabouret 3, François Sempé 6, Benoit Charrier 1,5
1 EDF R&D, Palaiseau, France
2 QRCI, Clermont-Ferrand, France
3 LIMSI-CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Univ. Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France
4 LaSIE, CNRS, La Rochelle Université, La Rochelle, France
5 4evLab, EDF R&D, CNRS, LaSIE, La Rochelle Université, La Rochelle, France
6 FSCI, Paris, France

Abstract: Simulating the actions and decisions of occupants in buildings is necessary to evaluate energy performance and understand its causes in a more reliable manner. While various models exist, all recent state-of-the-art reviews on occupant behavior models identified unresolved scientific issues. Here, these issues are classified, and we present the SMACH multi-agent model of human activity in buildings (based on cognitive ergonomics) and its application to assessing residential load curves and energy consumption. We show how the model can be used to address each of the unresolved scientific questions and present the validation process that we carried out.
Keywords: Multi-agent simulation, human activity, household energy use, residential load curve
Pages: 3457 - 3464