Paper Conference

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2021: 17th Conference of IBPSA


Optimizing price-informed operation of a battery storage system in an office building

Xuechen Lei, Ellen Franconi, Yunyang Ye
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, United States of America

Abstract: New prescriptive efficiency requirements amended to US model energy codes historically have been evaluated using an average, blended electricity rate, which obscures demand charges. Post 2019, new measures can be evaluated using a representative time-of-use (TOU) tariff yet more sophisticated analysis methods are needed to consider a variety of TOU tariffs and assess priceinformed control. To address these needs, this study couples building prototype simulation model with varying-in-sophistication battery storage operating strategies for different electricity TOU tariffs. The analysis compares the impact of operating a battery storage system following simpler rule-of-thumb methods versus a semi-optimized priced-informed heuristic approach. The investigation demonstrates that the heuristic approach results in greater electricity cost savings and is practical to implement.
Keywords: Priced-based control, energy storage, grid-interactive buildings, codes and standards
Pages: 548 - 555