Paper Conference

Proceedings of BSO Conference 2022: 6th Conference of IBPSA-England


Examining the variation in daily and peak electricity use in urban Indian households by AC ownership

Rajat Gupta 1, Anu Antony 1 , Archana Walia 2 , Neha Dhingra 2 , Tanmay Tathagat 3 , Piyush Varma 3
1 Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
2 CLASP India Program, Delhi, India
3 Environmental Design Solutions Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India

Abstract: Recent forecasts reveal a significant increase in residential air conditioning (AC) units in India leading to increased absolute and peak electricity demand. This study conducts statistical analysis of high-resolution time- series electricity data to examine the variation in daily and peak electricity use by extent of AC ownership across 54 urban Indian households. Mean annual electricity use in households with one AC unit was found to be 3,482kWh, which was 13% less than two-AC households (4,180kWh), and 37% less than households with three or more AC units (5,472kWh). The peak electricity use period was from 9pm to 2am confirming prevalence of overnight AC use. Policies supporting demand response could help manage absolute and peak electricity demand.
Keywords: residential, India, electricity, monitoring, peak