Paper Conference

2018 Building Performance Analysis Conference and SimBuild co-organized by ASHRAE and IBPSA-USA


Comparative Analysis of White-, Gray- and Black-Box Models for Thermal Simulation of Indoor Environment: Teaching Building Case Study

K. Arendt, M. Jradi, H. Shaker, C. Veje
University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark

Abstract: This study presents a performance comparison between selected white-, gray- and black-box models for indoor temperature prediction in a university building located at the SDU Campus Odense. It was found that the black-box models outperform the gray- and white-box models in most cases, but the accuracy highly depends on the training data in terms of both period and modes of heat transfer covered by the data set. The average mean absolute error for the best performing black-box model was 0.4°C as compared to 1.0°C and 0.7°C for the gray-box and white-box models, respectively. In terms of accuracy, the gray-box models are a reasonable alternative for black-box only in case of short-term predictions, in which their error decreases to around 0.3-0.8°C, depending on the room.
Pages: 173 - 180