Paper Conference

Proceedings of BSA Conference 2015: Second Conference of IBPSA-Italy


CFD vs. lumped models applied to HAM: a comparison between HAM-Tools and Comsol

Amos Ronzino, Vincenzo Corrado, Maximilian Neusser, Thomas Bednar

Abstract: CFD models have several advantages in comparison with zonal-models, due to the more accurate calculation of the airflow distribution within the built environment. Nevertheless, in currently available CFD software the simulation of mass transfer cannot be directly extended from the fluid region to the solid region. In the wholebuilding moisture transport studies, the mass coupling between the indoor environment and the wall system is usually achieved by third party programming. The Annex 41 research project of the International Energy Agency (IEA) was carried out to explore the complex physics governing the whole building heat, air and moisture (HAM) transfer, by developing several models to couple 3-D CFD simulations with hygrothermal models of walls. The objective of this study is to develop a coupled CFD model able to simulate the HAM transport in a single environment (i.e. a simple test room), influenced by the room factors. A numerical method was utilized to model the indoor environment and the moisture transport process in the simple room and inside the wall system as influenced by the moisture loads and ventilation conditions. The comparison between the CFD and a lumped model allows us to demonstrate how a simplified model can be reliable in predicting the RH variation inside a room, also taking into account the indoor material buffering effect.
Pages: 491 - 498